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Preterm newborn readiness for oral feeding: systematic review and meta-analysis

Overview of attention for article published in CoDAS, February 2015
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Title
Preterm newborn readiness for oral feeding: systematic review and meta-analysis
Published in
CoDAS, February 2015
DOI 10.1590/2317-1782/20152014104
Pubmed ID
Authors

Ana Henriques Lima, Marcela Guimarães Côrtes, Maria Cândida Ferrarez Bouzada, Amélia Augusta de Lima Friche

Abstract

To identify and systematize the main studies on the transition from enteral to oral feeding in preterm infants. Articles that describe the transition from oral to enteral feeding in preterm infants were located in MEDLINE, LILACS, and SciELO databases. Original studies, with available abstract, published in the last 10 years were included. Analysis of the methodology and the main results of the studies, and meta-analysis of the effects of sensory-motor-oral stimulation at the time of transition to full oral feeding and duration of hospitalization were conducted. Twenty-nine national and international publications were considered. Most studies were clinical trials (44.8%) and did not use rating scales to start the transition process (82.7%). In the meta-analysis, positive effect of stimulation of the sensory-motor-oral system was observed with respect to the transition time to oral diet (p=0.0000), but not in relation to the length of hospital stay (p=0.09). However, heterogeneity between studies was found both in the analysis of the transition time to full oral feeding (I2=93.98) and in the length of hospital stay (I2=82.30). The transition to oral feeding is an important moment, and various physical and clinical characteristics of preterm infants have been used to describe this process. Despite the impossibility of generalizing the results due to the heterogeneity of the studies, we have noted the importance of strategies for stimulation of sensory-motor-oral system to decrease the period of transition to full oral feeding system.

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The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 102 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Brazil 1 <1%
Unknown 101 99%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 23 23%
Student > Postgraduate 11 11%
Student > Bachelor 11 11%
Other 10 10%
Researcher 10 10%
Other 15 15%
Unknown 22 22%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Nursing and Health Professions 33 32%
Medicine and Dentistry 32 31%
Arts and Humanities 3 3%
Neuroscience 2 2%
Psychology 2 2%
Other 5 5%
Unknown 25 25%