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Experimental infection of bats with Geomyces destructans causes white-nose syndrome

Overview of attention for article published in Nature, October 2011
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  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (91st percentile)

Mentioned by

news
8 news outlets
blogs
7 blogs
twitter
22 tweeters
facebook
6 Facebook pages
wikipedia
5 Wikipedia pages

Citations

dimensions_citation
294 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
379 Mendeley
citeulike
2 CiteULike
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Title
Experimental infection of bats with Geomyces destructans causes white-nose syndrome
Published in
Nature, October 2011
DOI 10.1038/nature10590
Pubmed ID
Authors

Jeffrey M. Lorch, Carol U. Meteyer, Melissa J. Behr, Justin G. Boyles, Paul M. Cryan, Alan C. Hicks, Anne E. Ballmann, Jeremy T. H. Coleman, David N. Redell, DeeAnn M. Reeder, David S. Blehert

Abstract

White-nose syndrome (WNS) has caused recent catastrophic declines among multiple species of bats in eastern North America. The disease's name derives from a visually apparent white growth of the newly discovered fungus Geomyces destructans on the skin (including the muzzle) of hibernating bats. Colonization of skin by this fungus is associated with characteristic cutaneous lesions that are the only consistent pathological finding related to WNS. However, the role of G. destructans in WNS remains controversial because evidence to implicate the fungus as the primary cause of this disease is lacking. The debate is fuelled, in part, by the assumption that fungal infections in mammals are most commonly associated with immune system dysfunction. Additionally, the recent discovery that G. destructans commonly colonizes the skin of bats of Europe, where no unusual bat mortality events have been reported, has generated further speculation that the fungus is an opportunistic pathogen and that other unidentified factors are the primary cause of WNS. Here we demonstrate that exposure of healthy little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus) to pure cultures of G. destructans causes WNS. Live G. destructans was subsequently cultured from diseased bats, successfully fulfilling established criteria for the determination of G. destructans as a primary pathogen. We also confirmed that WNS can be transmitted from infected bats to healthy bats through direct contact. Our results provide the first direct evidence that G. destructans is the causal agent of WNS and that the recent emergence of WNS in North America may represent translocation of the fungus to a region with a naive population of animals. Demonstration of causality is an instrumental step in elucidating the pathogenesis and epidemiology of WNS and in guiding management actions to preserve bat populations against the novel threat posed by this devastating infectious disease.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 22 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 379 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 21 6%
Canada 3 <1%
Brazil 2 <1%
France 1 <1%
Switzerland 1 <1%
Sweden 1 <1%
Germany 1 <1%
Peru 1 <1%
Romania 1 <1%
Other 1 <1%
Unknown 346 91%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 79 21%
Student > Bachelor 71 19%
Researcher 61 16%
Student > Ph. D. Student 61 16%
Other 28 7%
Other 55 15%
Unknown 24 6%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 221 58%
Environmental Science 55 15%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 16 4%
Medicine and Dentistry 11 3%
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 10 3%
Other 29 8%
Unknown 37 10%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 144. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 09 April 2020.
All research outputs
#140,634
of 15,985,758 outputs
Outputs from Nature
#11,040
of 76,042 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#621
of 115,442 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Nature
#80
of 951 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 15,985,758 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 76,042 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 86.3. This one has done well, scoring higher than 85% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 115,442 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 951 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 91% of its contemporaries.