↓ Skip to main content

Experimental infection of bats with Geomyces destructans causes white-nose syndrome

Overview of attention for article published in Nature, October 2011
Altmetric Badge

About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (90th percentile)

Mentioned by

8 news outlets
7 blogs
18 X users
1 patent
5 Facebook pages
13 Wikipedia pages


398 Dimensions

Readers on

447 Mendeley
2 CiteULike
You are seeing a free-to-access but limited selection of the activity Altmetric has collected about this research output. Click here to find out more.
Experimental infection of bats with Geomyces destructans causes white-nose syndrome
Published in
Nature, October 2011
DOI 10.1038/nature10590
Pubmed ID

Jeffrey M. Lorch, Carol U. Meteyer, Melissa J. Behr, Justin G. Boyles, Paul M. Cryan, Alan C. Hicks, Anne E. Ballmann, Jeremy T. H. Coleman, David N. Redell, DeeAnn M. Reeder, David S. Blehert


White-nose syndrome (WNS) has caused recent catastrophic declines among multiple species of bats in eastern North America. The disease's name derives from a visually apparent white growth of the newly discovered fungus Geomyces destructans on the skin (including the muzzle) of hibernating bats. Colonization of skin by this fungus is associated with characteristic cutaneous lesions that are the only consistent pathological finding related to WNS. However, the role of G. destructans in WNS remains controversial because evidence to implicate the fungus as the primary cause of this disease is lacking. The debate is fuelled, in part, by the assumption that fungal infections in mammals are most commonly associated with immune system dysfunction. Additionally, the recent discovery that G. destructans commonly colonizes the skin of bats of Europe, where no unusual bat mortality events have been reported, has generated further speculation that the fungus is an opportunistic pathogen and that other unidentified factors are the primary cause of WNS. Here we demonstrate that exposure of healthy little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus) to pure cultures of G. destructans causes WNS. Live G. destructans was subsequently cultured from diseased bats, successfully fulfilling established criteria for the determination of G. destructans as a primary pathogen. We also confirmed that WNS can be transmitted from infected bats to healthy bats through direct contact. Our results provide the first direct evidence that G. destructans is the causal agent of WNS and that the recent emergence of WNS in North America may represent translocation of the fungus to a region with a naive population of animals. Demonstration of causality is an instrumental step in elucidating the pathogenesis and epidemiology of WNS and in guiding management actions to preserve bat populations against the novel threat posed by this devastating infectious disease.

X Demographics

X Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 18 X users who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.
Mendeley readers

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 447 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 20 4%
Canada 3 <1%
Brazil 2 <1%
France 1 <1%
Switzerland 1 <1%
Hungary 1 <1%
Germany 1 <1%
Sweden 1 <1%
Romania 1 <1%
Other 1 <1%
Unknown 415 93%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 86 19%
Student > Bachelor 82 18%
Researcher 71 16%
Student > Ph. D. Student 64 14%
Other 32 7%
Other 58 13%
Unknown 54 12%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 234 52%
Environmental Science 63 14%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 24 5%
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 14 3%
Medicine and Dentistry 11 2%
Other 33 7%
Unknown 68 15%
Attention Score in Context

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 143. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 17 October 2023.
All research outputs
of 25,837,817 outputs
Outputs from Nature
of 98,779 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 153,672 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Nature
of 975 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 25,837,817 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 98th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 98,779 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 102.5. This one has done well, scoring higher than 83% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 153,672 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 975 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 90% of its contemporaries.