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Oral health management of 97 patients living with HIV/AIDS in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil

Overview of attention for article published in Brazilian Oral Research, August 2015
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Title
Oral health management of 97 patients living with HIV/AIDS in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil
Published in
Brazilian Oral Research, August 2015
DOI 10.1590/1807-3107bor-2015.vol29.0101
Pubmed ID
Authors

Danieli Cristina da SILVA, Alan Grupioni LOURENÇO, Ana Elisa Rodrigues Alves RIBEIRO, Alcyone Artioli MACHADO, Marilena Chinali KOMESU, Ana Carolina Fragoso MOTTA

Abstract

Considering the changes antiretroviral therapy (ART) has brought to the treatment of HIV infection, the current clinical and laboratory profiles of HIV/AIDS individuals referred to oral health centers are crucially important in instructing dentists about the oral health management of these patients. The aim of the present study was to determine the clinical and laboratory profiles of HIV-infected individuals referred to a clinic for patients with special needs between 2005 and 2012 by retrospectively analyzing their dental records. A total of 97 records of HIV patients referred to the School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo - USP, were analyzed. The Mann-Whitney test was used to determine the associations between mean CD4+ counts, mean viral load, and the presence of HIV-related oral lesions (HIV-OL). Most of the patients were male, and their mean age was 38.3 years. Eighty-nine (92%) patients were on regular ART, 77 (79.4%) had a CD4+ count higher than 200 cells/mm3, and 63 (64.9%) had an undetectable viral load. Twenty patients (20.6%) presented with some HIV-OL, including pseudomembranous and/or erythematous candidiasis and angular cheilitis, which were correlated with a low CD4+ count and with an undetectable viral load (p < 0.05). Among the branches of dentistry, periodontics, followed by surgery and restorative dentistry, was the most sought-after specialty, and no intercurrent events were observed during the dental treatment. It may be concluded that there are no restrictions on the dental treatment of patients on regular ART, It is important, though, that the treatment be based on local characteristics and on the prevention of oral diseases.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 53 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United Kingdom 1 2%
Brazil 1 2%
Unknown 51 96%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 10 19%
Student > Master 9 17%
Student > Postgraduate 7 13%
Other 5 9%
Researcher 5 9%
Other 8 15%
Unknown 9 17%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 22 42%
Nursing and Health Professions 5 9%
Social Sciences 4 8%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 4%
Psychology 2 4%
Other 5 9%
Unknown 13 25%