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The impact of a therapeutic exercise intervention on depression and body self-image in HIV-positive women in sub-Saharan Africa

Overview of attention for article published in HIV/AIDS (Auckland, N.Z.), July 2018
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Title
The impact of a therapeutic exercise intervention on depression and body self-image in HIV-positive women in sub-Saharan Africa
Published in
HIV/AIDS (Auckland, N.Z.), July 2018
DOI 10.2147/hiv.s167005
Pubmed ID
Authors

Andrea K Daniels, Rudolph L Van Niekerk

Abstract

Attitudes, responses, and reactions of HIV-positive women in three sub-Saharan African regions toward a therapeutic exercise intervention, aimed to determine the presence of depression and low body self-image, were captured. This provided insight into body satisfaction and desire to exercise (Stage 1, n=60), body self-image and depression (Stage 2, n=60), and overall concerns around the often adverse side effects of antiretroviral treatment (ART). A program of therapeutic (specialty) exercise was developed for the experimental design (Stage 2), to quantify the psychological side effects of these variables. Stage 1 constituted a qualitative exploration into attitudes and perceptions around ART, toxicity, health concerns, metabolic irregularities (lipodystrophy), body shape and size dissatisfaction, and cultural attitudes toward exercise. This stage deployed brief informal face-to-face interviews, based on the World Health Organization (WHO)/United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) AIDS Inventory, in three sub-Saharan African regions (including provincial and district hospitals, nongovernmental organizations, voluntary counseling and testing/HIV and testing centers, and primary care outpatient clinics). Stage 2 of the study comprised a quantitative experimental design, conducted on a sample of HIV-positive women (mean age=39.0 years; mean years on ART=5.5; 86% black) in three selected HIV outpatient clinics in Johannesburg, South Africa. The collated data sets from both stages of the research were presented, analyzed, and interpreted (thematic analyses [Stage 1] and statistical analyses [Stage 2]) using the body self-image questionnaire and Beck's depression inventory. Stage 1 outlined participants' concerns and reports around 1) body shape and size, including long-term effects of ART and 2) attitudes toward exercise, as a function of HIV status. Stage 2 represented pre- and posttest statistics, showing low statistical means for both the experiment and the control groups, with statistical significance for four out of nine items of subscales of body self-image questionnaire.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 19 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 19 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 8 42%
Unspecified 5 26%
Researcher 3 16%
Student > Bachelor 2 11%
Librarian 1 5%
Other 0 0%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Unspecified 5 26%
Social Sciences 3 16%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 16%
Sports and Recreations 2 11%
Economics, Econometrics and Finance 1 5%
Other 5 26%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 23 July 2018.
All research outputs
#7,771,672
of 12,388,051 outputs
Outputs from HIV/AIDS (Auckland, N.Z.)
#98
of 149 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#159,310
of 269,481 outputs
Outputs of similar age from HIV/AIDS (Auckland, N.Z.)
#6
of 7 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,388,051 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 23rd percentile – i.e., 23% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 149 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 2.8. This one is in the 26th percentile – i.e., 26% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 269,481 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 31st percentile – i.e., 31% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 7 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one.