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Variables associated with the prevalence of anti-Leishmania spp. antibodies in dogs on the tri-border of Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná, Brazil

Overview of attention for article published in Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, August 2018
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Title
Variables associated with the prevalence of anti-Leishmania spp. antibodies in dogs on the tri-border of Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná, Brazil
Published in
Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, August 2018
DOI 10.1590/s1984-296120180055
Pubmed ID
Authors

Renata Cristina Ferreira Dias, Vanete Thomaz-Soccol, Aline Kuhn Sbruzzi Pasquali, Silvana Maria Alban, Ricardo Cancio Fendrich, Eliane Maria Pozzolo, Luciana Chiyo, Alceu Bisetto Júnior, Fernanda Pinto Ferreira, Stela Silva Desto, Roberta Lemos Freire, Regina Mitsuka-Breganó, Italmar Teodorico Navarro

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of anti-Leishmania spp. antibodies in dogs from localities in the city of Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná state, Brazil, on the border with Argentina and Paraguay. Blood samples dogs were collected to perform the following serologic tests: immunochromatographic DPP® rapid test, indirect immunoenzymatic assay (ELISA) and indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA). In 2012, 285 dogs were analyzed on Argentina border, and in 2013, serum samples from 396 dogs on the border of Paraguay were collected. Using ELISA for screening and IFA for the confirmatory test, the results showed that the antibody prevalence was 1.8% (5/285) on the border of Argentina and 3.0% (12/396) on Paraguay border. When using the DPP® for screening and ELISA as a confirmatory analysis, we observed a seroreagent prevalence in dogs of 2.5% (7/285) on Argentina border and 5.1% (20/396) on Paraguay border. The non-public collection of domestic waste (p= 0.0004) was shown to be associated with leishmaniasis. This study shows the presence of leishmaniasis and suggest the emergence of canine visceral leishmaniasis in state of Paraná due to the confirmed occurrence of seroreactive dogs on Argentina and Paraguay border, which has environmental and geographical characteristics that favor the spread of the parasite.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 33 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 33 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 9 27%
Student > Doctoral Student 6 18%
Student > Bachelor 3 9%
Researcher 3 9%
Student > Ph. D. Student 2 6%
Other 5 15%
Unknown 5 15%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 9 27%
Medicine and Dentistry 4 12%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 4 12%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 9%
Nursing and Health Professions 1 3%
Other 4 12%
Unknown 8 24%