As a critical linker between mTORC1 and mTORC2, Akt is important for the cell metabolism. The role of Akt in the function and development of B and T cells is well characterized, however, the role of Akt for development and function of iNKT cells is unknown. iNKT cells bridge the adaptive and innate immunity, and in this study, we found that the differentiation of NKT17 cells and IL17 production of NKT17 cells were disrupted in Akt2 KO mice. ICOS has been demonstrated to be critical for the differentiation of NKT17 cells and we found that ICOS mRNA and protein expression was reduced in Akt2 KO iNKT cells. As a consequence, phosphorylation of FoxO-1 was downregulated in Akt2 KO thymocytes but the sequestration of FoxO-1 in the nucleus of Akt2 KO iNKT cells was increased. The negative feedback loop between ICOS and FoxO-1 has been demonstrated in CD4+T follicular helper cells. Therefore our study has revealed a new intracellular mechanism in which Akt2 regulates ICOS expression via FoxO-1 and this signaling axis regulates the differentiation and function of NKT17 cells. This study provides a new linker between cell metabolism and function of iNKT cells.