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ERICA: prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Brazilian adolescents

Overview of attention for article published in Revista de Saúde Pública, February 2016
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Title
ERICA: prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Brazilian adolescents
Published in
Revista de Saúde Pública, February 2016
DOI 10.1590/s01518-8787.2016050006701
Pubmed ID
Authors

Maria Cristina C Kuschnir, Katia Vergetti Bloch, Moyses Szklo, Carlos Henrique Klein, Laura Augusta Barufaldi, Gabriela de Azevedo Abreu, Beatriz Schaan, Gloria Valeria da Veiga, Thiago Luiz Nogueira da Silva, Maurício T L de Vasconcellos, Ana Júlia Pantoja de Moraes, Ana Mayra Andrade de Oliveira, Bruno Mendes Tavares, Cecília Lacroix de Oliveira, Cristiane de Freitas Cunha, Denise Tavares Giannini, Dilson Rodrigues Belfort, Eduardo Lima Santos, Elisa Brosina de Leon, Elizabete Regina Araújo Oliveira, Elizabeth Fujimori, Ana Luíza Borges, Erika da Silva Magliano, Francisco de Assis Guedes Vasconcelos, George Dantas Azevedo, Gisela Soares Brunken, Isabel Cristina Britto Guimarães, José Rocha Faria, Juliana Souza Oliveira, Kenia Mara B de Carvalho, Luis Gonzaga de Oliveira Gonçalves, Maria Inês Monteiro, Marize M Santos, Pascoal Torres Muniz, Paulo César B Veiga Jardim, Pedro Antônio Muniz Ferreira, Renan Magalhães Montenegro, Ricardo Queiroz Gurgel, Rodrigo Pinheiro Vianna, Sandra Mary Vasconcelos, Stella Maris Seixas Martins, Tamara Beres Lederer Goldberg

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components in Brazilian adolescents. METHODS We evaluated 37,504 adolescents who were participants in the Study of Cardiovascular Risks in Adolescents (ERICA), a cross-sectional, school-based, national study. The adolescents, aged from 12 to 17 years, lived in cities with populations greater than 100,000 inhabitants. The sample was stratified and clustered into schools and classes. The criteria set out by the International Diabetes Federation were used to define metabolic syndrome. Prevalences of metabolic syndrome were estimated according to sex, age group, school type and nutritional status. RESULTS Of the 37,504 adolescents who were evaluated: 50.2% were female; 54.3% were aged from 15 to 17 years, and 73.3% were from public schools. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 2.6% (95%CI 2.3-2.9), slightly higher in males and in those aged from 15 to 17 years in most macro-regions. The prevalence was the highest in residents from the South macro-region, in the younger female adolescents and in the older male adolescents. The prevalence was higher in public schools (2.8% [95%CI 2.4-3.2]), when compared with private schools (1.9% [95%CI 1.4-2.4]) and higher in obese adolescents when compared with nonobese ones. The most common combinations of components, referring to 3/4 of combinations, were: enlarged waist circumference (WC), low HDL-cholesterol (HDL-c) and high blood pressure; followed by enlarged WC, low HDL-c and high triglycerides; and enlarged WC, low HDL-c, high triglycerides and blood pressure. Low HDL was the second most frequent component, but the highest prevalence of metabolic syndrome (26.8%) was observed in the presence of high triglycerides. CONCLUSIONS ERICA is the first Brazilian nation-wide study to present the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and describe the role of its components. Despite the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome being low, the high prevalences of some components and participation of others in the syndrome composition shows the importance of early diagnosis of this changes, even if not grouped within the metabolic syndrome.

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Mendeley readers

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 217 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Portugal 1 <1%
Unknown 216 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 45 21%
Student > Master 41 19%
Student > Doctoral Student 15 7%
Professor 11 5%
Student > Postgraduate 11 5%
Other 34 16%
Unknown 60 28%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 46 21%
Nursing and Health Professions 39 18%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 10 5%
Sports and Recreations 9 4%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 7 3%
Other 25 12%
Unknown 81 37%
Attention Score in Context

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 3. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 12 January 2017.
All research outputs
#14,915,133
of 25,374,917 outputs
Outputs from Revista de Saúde Pública
#477
of 1,139 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#150,953
of 313,051 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Revista de Saúde Pública
#6
of 27 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 25,374,917 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 40th percentile – i.e., 40% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,139 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.7. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 56% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 313,051 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 50% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 27 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 74% of its contemporaries.