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Causal pathways linking environmental change with health behaviour change: Natural experimental study of new transport infrastructure and cycling to work

Overview of attention for article published in Preventive Medicine, June 2016
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (96th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (82nd percentile)

Mentioned by

twitter
95 tweeters
facebook
1 Facebook page

Citations

dimensions_citation
14 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
121 Mendeley
citeulike
1 CiteULike
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Title
Causal pathways linking environmental change with health behaviour change: Natural experimental study of new transport infrastructure and cycling to work
Published in
Preventive Medicine, June 2016
DOI 10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.02.042
Pubmed ID
Authors

R.G. Prins, J. Panter, E. Heinen, S.J. Griffin, D.B. Ogilvie

Abstract

Mechanisms linking changes to the environment with changes in physical activity are poorly understood. Insights into mechanisms of interventions can help strengthen causal attribution and improve understanding of divergent response patterns. We examined the causal pathways linking exposure to new transport infrastructure with changes in cycling to work. We used baseline (2009) and follow-up (2012) data (N=469) from the Commuting and Health in Cambridge natural experimental study (Cambridge, UK). Exposure to new infrastructure in the form of the Cambridgeshire Guided Busway was defined using residential proximity. Mediators studied were changes in perceptions of the route to work, theory of planned behaviour constructs and self-reported use of the new infrastructure. Outcomes were modelled as an increase, decrease or no change in weekly cycle commuting time. We used regression analyses to identify combinations of mediators forming potential pathways between exposure and outcome. We then tested these pathways in a path model and stratified analyses by baseline level of active commuting. We identified changes in perceptions of the route to work, and use of the cycle path, as potential mediators. Of these potential mediators, only use of the path significantly explained (85%) the effect of the infrastructure in increasing cycling. Path use also explained a decrease in cycling among more active commuters. The findings strengthen the causal argument that changing the environment led to changes in health-related behaviour via use of the new infrastructure, but also show how some commuters may have spent less time cycling as a result.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 95 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 121 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United Kingdom 2 2%
France 1 <1%
United States 1 <1%
Unknown 117 97%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 29 24%
Student > Ph. D. Student 24 20%
Unspecified 15 12%
Researcher 15 12%
Student > Bachelor 9 7%
Other 29 24%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Unspecified 25 21%
Social Sciences 20 17%
Medicine and Dentistry 15 12%
Engineering 12 10%
Psychology 11 9%
Other 38 31%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 72. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 06 August 2019.
All research outputs
#242,802
of 13,728,284 outputs
Outputs from Preventive Medicine
#127
of 3,390 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#8,236
of 267,276 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Preventive Medicine
#6
of 34 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,728,284 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 98th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 3,390 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 15.4. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 96% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 267,276 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 96% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 34 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done well, scoring higher than 82% of its contemporaries.