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Causal pathways linking environmental change with health behaviour change: Natural experimental study of new transport infrastructure and cycling to work

Overview of attention for article published in Preventive Medicine, June 2016
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (96th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (82nd percentile)

Mentioned by

twitter
94 tweeters
facebook
1 Facebook page

Citations

dimensions_citation
19 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
147 Mendeley
citeulike
1 CiteULike
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Title
Causal pathways linking environmental change with health behaviour change: Natural experimental study of new transport infrastructure and cycling to work
Published in
Preventive Medicine, June 2016
DOI 10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.02.042
Pubmed ID
Authors

R.G. Prins, J. Panter, E. Heinen, S.J. Griffin, D.B. Ogilvie

Abstract

Mechanisms linking changes to the environment with changes in physical activity are poorly understood. Insights into mechanisms of interventions can help strengthen causal attribution and improve understanding of divergent response patterns. We examined the causal pathways linking exposure to new transport infrastructure with changes in cycling to work. We used baseline (2009) and follow-up (2012) data (N=469) from the Commuting and Health in Cambridge natural experimental study (Cambridge, UK). Exposure to new infrastructure in the form of the Cambridgeshire Guided Busway was defined using residential proximity. Mediators studied were changes in perceptions of the route to work, theory of planned behaviour constructs and self-reported use of the new infrastructure. Outcomes were modelled as an increase, decrease or no change in weekly cycle commuting time. We used regression analyses to identify combinations of mediators forming potential pathways between exposure and outcome. We then tested these pathways in a path model and stratified analyses by baseline level of active commuting. We identified changes in perceptions of the route to work, and use of the cycle path, as potential mediators. Of these potential mediators, only use of the path significantly explained (85%) the effect of the infrastructure in increasing cycling. Path use also explained a decrease in cycling among more active commuters. The findings strengthen the causal argument that changing the environment led to changes in health-related behaviour via use of the new infrastructure, but also show how some commuters may have spent less time cycling as a result.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 94 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 147 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United Kingdom 2 1%
United States 1 <1%
France 1 <1%
Unknown 143 97%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 32 22%
Student > Ph. D. Student 28 19%
Researcher 23 16%
Student > Bachelor 11 7%
Other 8 5%
Other 25 17%
Unknown 20 14%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Social Sciences 25 17%
Medicine and Dentistry 17 12%
Psychology 14 10%
Engineering 13 9%
Sports and Recreations 9 6%
Other 38 26%
Unknown 31 21%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 71. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 28 May 2018.
All research outputs
#313,851
of 15,773,629 outputs
Outputs from Preventive Medicine
#156
of 3,758 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#8,728
of 268,891 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Preventive Medicine
#6
of 35 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 15,773,629 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 98th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 3,758 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 16.0. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 95% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 268,891 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 96% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 35 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done well, scoring higher than 82% of its contemporaries.