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SURVEY FOR WEST NILE VIRUS ANTIBODIES IN WILD DUCKS, 2004–06, USA

Overview of attention for article published in Journal of Wildlife Diseases, April 2016
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Title
SURVEY FOR WEST NILE VIRUS ANTIBODIES IN WILD DUCKS, 2004–06, USA
Published in
Journal of Wildlife Diseases, April 2016
DOI 10.7589/2015-06-137
Pubmed ID
Authors

Erik K. Hofmeister, Mark D. Jankowski, Diana Goldberg, J. Christian Franson

Abstract

Detection of West Nile virus (WNV) in ducks has been reported in North America in isolated cases of mortality in wild waterbirds and following outbreaks in farmed ducks. Although the virus has been noted as an apparent incidental finding in several species of ducks, little is known about the prevalence of exposure or the outcome of infection with WNV in wild ducks in North America. From 2004-06, we collected sera from 1,406 wild-caught American Wigeon ( Anas americana ), Mallard ( Anas platyrhynchos ), and Northern Pintail ( Anas acuta ) ducks at national wildlife refuges (NWRs) in North Dakota and Wood Ducks ( Aix sponsa ) at NWRs in South Carolina and Tennessee. We measured the prevalence of previous exposure to WNV in these ducks by measuring WNV antibodies and evaluated variation in exposure among species, age, and year. Additionally, we evaluated the performance of a commercial antibody to wild bird immunoglobulin in duck species that varied in their phylogenetic relatedness to the bird species the antibody was directed against. As determined by a screening immunoassay and a confirmatory plaque reduction neutralization assay, the prevalence of WNV antibody was 10%. In light of experimental studies that show ducks to be relatively resistant to mortality caused by WNV, the antibody prevalence we detected suggests that wild ducks may be less-frequently exposed to WNV than expected for birds inhabiting wetlands where they may acquire infection from mosquitoes.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 32 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 1 3%
Unknown 31 97%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Other 7 22%
Student > Doctoral Student 4 13%
Student > Master 4 13%
Student > Ph. D. Student 3 9%
Student > Postgraduate 3 9%
Other 5 16%
Unknown 6 19%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 12 38%
Medicine and Dentistry 5 16%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 4 13%
Environmental Science 3 9%
Nursing and Health Professions 1 3%
Other 1 3%
Unknown 6 19%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 13 October 2017.
All research outputs
#14,874,715
of 19,295,332 outputs
Outputs from Journal of Wildlife Diseases
#332
of 476 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#182,429
of 274,283 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Journal of Wildlife Diseases
#19
of 25 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 19,295,332 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 19th percentile – i.e., 19% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 476 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 3.9. This one is in the 24th percentile – i.e., 24% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 274,283 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 28th percentile – i.e., 28% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 25 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 24th percentile – i.e., 24% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.