In order to test the influence of probiotic supplementation on humoral immune response a double-blind placebo-controlled trial was conducted. Thirty athletes (24 males and 6 females, females: VO2max 38.2 ± 4.9 ml/kg/min, age 23.2 ± 1.4 years; males: VO2max 57.5 ± 9.2 ml/kg/min, age 24.0 ± 2.4 years, mean ± SD) were randomized either to the probiotic group (L. helveticus Lafti® L10, 2 x 10 CFU), or to the placebo group. Serum and saliva samples were collected at the baseline and after 14 weeks. Total and specific anti-bacterial antibody levels of IgM, IgG and IgA classes were determined towards different bacteria in the serum, while in saliva total and specific anti-bacterial IgA levels were examined. Total IgM was elevated in both probiotic (18%, 15 to 20%; mean, 90% confidence interval; p=0.02) and placebo group (35%, 22 to 47%; p=0.02), without observed differences in changes between the groups. No significant changes in IgM levels specific for tested bacteria were found. Total IgG level was constant in both groups. A significant (16%, -2.8 to 35%, p=0.04) reduction of anti - Enterococcus faecalis IgG was noted in the placebo group, in comparation to the probiotic group. There was a substantial decrease in total IgA level in the placebo group, when measured either in serum (15%, 12 to 18%, p=0.04) or in saliva (35%, -1.4 to 53%, p=0.03). The significantly reduced levels of serum anti-LAB IgA antibodies in the placebo group compared to the probiotic group were detected for L. rhamnosus LA68 for (24%, 5.8 to 42%, p=0.02) and for L. rhamnosus LB64 for (15%, 2.7 to 27%, p=0.02). Probiotic administration could have beneficial effects on systemic humoral and mucosal immune responses.