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Observation of Time-Reversal Violation in the B0 Meson System

Overview of attention for article published in Physical Review Letters, November 2012
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  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (99th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
3 news outlets
blogs
14 blogs
twitter
36 tweeters
facebook
8 Facebook pages
wikipedia
5 Wikipedia pages
reddit
1 Redditor
video
6 video uploaders

Citations

dimensions_citation
114 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
114 Mendeley
citeulike
2 CiteULike
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Title
Observation of Time-Reversal Violation in the B0 Meson System
Published in
Physical Review Letters, November 2012
DOI 10.1103/physrevlett.109.211801
Pubmed ID
Authors

J. P. Lees, V. Poireau, V. Tisserand, J. Garra Tico, E. Grauges, A. Palano, G. Eigen, B. Stugu, D. N. Brown, L. T. Kerth, Yu. G. Kolomensky, G. Lynch, H. Koch, T. Schroeder, D. J. Asgeirsson, C. Hearty, T. S. Mattison, J. A. McKenna, R. Y. So, A. Khan, V. E. Blinov, A. R. Buzykaev, V. P. Druzhinin, V. B. Golubev, E. A. Kravchenko, A. P. Onuchin, S. I. Serednyakov, Yu. I. Skovpen, E. P. Solodov, K. Yu. Todyshev, A. N. Yushkov, M. Bondioli, D. Kirkby, A. J. Lankford, M. Mandelkern, H. Atmacan, J. W. Gary, F. Liu, O. Long, G. M. Vitug, C. Campagnari, T. M. Hong, D. Kovalskyi, J. D. Richman, C. A. West, A. M. Eisner, J. Kroseberg, W. S. Lockman, A. J. Martinez, B. A. Schumm, A. Seiden, D. S. Chao, C. H. Cheng, B. Echenard, K. T. Flood, D. G. Hitlin, P. Ongmongkolkul, F. C. Porter, A. Y. Rakitin, R. Andreassen, Z. Huard, B. T. Meadows, M. D. Sokoloff, L. Sun, P. C. Bloom, W. T. Ford, A. Gaz, U. Nauenberg, J. G. Smith, S. R. Wagner, R. Ayad, W. H. Toki, B. Spaan, K. R. Schubert, R. Schwierz, D. Bernard, M. Verderi, P. J. Clark, S. Playfer, D. Bettoni, C. Bozzi, R. Calabrese, G. Cibinetto, E. Fioravanti, I. Garzia, E. Luppi, M. Munerato, L. Piemontese, V. Santoro, R. Baldini-Ferroli, A. Calcaterra, R. de Sangro, G. Finocchiaro, P. Patteri, I. M. Peruzzi, M. Piccolo, M. Rama, A. Zallo, R. Contri, E. Guido, M. Lo Vetere, M. R. Monge, S. Passaggio, C. Patrignani, E. Robutti, B. Bhuyan, V. Prasad, C. L. Lee, M. Morii, A. J. Edwards, A. Adametz, U. Uwer, H. M. Lacker, T. Lueck, P. D. Dauncey, U. Mallik, C. Chen, J. Cochran, W. T. Meyer, S. Prell, A. E. Rubin, A. V. Gritsan, Z. J. Guo, N. Arnaud, M. Davier, D. Derkach, G. Grosdidier, F. Le Diberder, A. M. Lutz, B. Malaescu, P. Roudeau, M. H. Schune, A. Stocchi, G. Wormser, D. J. Lange, D. M. Wright, C. A. Chavez, J. P. Coleman, J. R. Fry, E. Gabathuler, D. E. Hutchcroft, D. J. Payne, C. Touramanis, A. J. Bevan, F. Di Lodovico, R. Sacco, M. Sigamani, G. Cowan, D. N. Brown, C. L. Davis, A. G. Denig, M. Fritsch, W. Gradl, K. Griessinger, A. Hafner, E. Prencipe, R. J. Barlow, G. Jackson, G. D. Lafferty, E. Behn, R. Cenci, B. Hamilton, A. Jawahery, D. A. Roberts, C. Dallapiccola, R. Cowan, D. Dujmic, G. Sciolla, R. Cheaib, D. Lindemann, P. M. Patel, S. H. Robertson, P. Biassoni, N. Neri, F. Palombo, S. Stracka, L. Cremaldi, R. Godang, R. Kroeger, P. Sonnek, D. J. Summers, X. Nguyen, M. Simard, P. Taras, G. De Nardo, D. Monorchio, G. Onorato, C. Sciacca, M. Martinelli, G. Raven, C. P. Jessop, J. M. LoSecco, W. F. Wang, K. Honscheid, R. Kass, J. Brau, R. Frey, N. B. Sinev, D. Strom, E. Torrence, E. Feltresi, N. Gagliardi, M. Margoni, M. Morandin, A. Pompili, M. Posocco, M. Rotondo, G. Simi, F. Simonetto, R. Stroili, S. Akar, E. Ben-Haim, M. Bomben, G. R. Bonneaud, H. Briand, G. Calderini, J. Chauveau, O. Hamon, Ph. Leruste, G. Marchiori, J. Ocariz, S. Sitt, M. Biasini, E. Manoni, S. Pacetti, A. Rossi, C. Angelini, G. Batignani, S. Bettarini, M. Carpinelli, G. Casarosa, A. Cervelli, F. Forti, M. A. Giorgi, A. Lusiani, B. Oberhof, E. Paoloni, A. Perez, G. Rizzo, J. J. Walsh, D. Lopes Pegna, J. Olsen, A. J. S. Smith, A. V. Telnov, F. Anulli, R. Faccini, F. Ferrarotto, F. Ferroni, M. Gaspero, L. Li Gioi, M. A. Mazzoni, G. Piredda, C. Bünger, O. Grünberg, T. Hartmann, T. Leddig, H. Schröder, C. Voss, R. Waldi, T. Adye, E. O. Olaiya, F. F. Wilson, S. Emery, G. Hamel de Monchenault, G. Vasseur, Ch. Yèche, D. Aston, D. J. Bard, R. Bartoldus, J. F. Benitez, C. Cartaro, M. R. Convery, J. Dorfan, G. P. Dubois-Felsmann, W. Dunwoodie, M. Ebert, R. C. Field, M. Franco Sevilla, B. G. Fulsom, A. M. Gabareen, M. T. Graham, P. Grenier, C. Hast, W. R. Innes, M. H. Kelsey, P. Kim, M. L. Kocian, D. W. G. S. Leith, P. Lewis, B. Lindquist, S. Luitz, V. Luth, H. L. Lynch, D. B. MacFarlane, D. R. Muller, H. Neal, S. Nelson, M. Perl, T. Pulliam, B. N. Ratcliff, A. Roodman, A. A. Salnikov, R. H. Schindler, A. Snyder, D. Su, M. K. Sullivan, J. Va’vra, A. P. Wagner, W. J. Wisniewski, M. Wittgen, D. H. Wright, H. W. Wulsin, C. C. Young, V. Ziegler, W. Park, M. V. Purohit, R. M. White, J. R. Wilson, A. Randle-Conde, S. J. Sekula, M. Bellis, P. R. Burchat, T. S. Miyashita, E. M. T. Puccio, M. S. Alam, J. A. Ernst, R. Gorodeisky, N. Guttman, D. R. Peimer, A. Soffer, P. Lund, S. M. Spanier, J. L. Ritchie, A. M. Ruland, R. F. Schwitters, B. C. Wray, J. M. Izen, X. C. Lou, F. Bianchi, D. Gamba, S. Zambito, L. Lanceri, L. Vitale, J. Bernabeu, F. Martinez-Vidal, A. Oyanguren, P. Villanueva-Perez, H. Ahmed, J. Albert, Sw. Banerjee, F. U. Bernlochner, H. H. F. Choi, G. J. King, R. Kowalewski, M. J. Lewczuk, I. M. Nugent, J. M. Roney, R. J. Sobie, N. Tasneem, T. J. Gershon, P. F. Harrison, T. E. Latham, H. R. Band, S. Dasu, Y. Pan, R. Prepost, S. L. Wu

Abstract

Although CP violation in the B meson system has been well established by the B factories, there has been no direct observation of time-reversal violation. The decays of entangled neutral B mesons into definite flavor states (B(0) or B(0)), and J/ψK(L)(0) or ccK(S)(0) final states (referred to as B(+) or B(-)), allow comparisons between the probabilities of four pairs of T-conjugated transitions, for example, B(0) → B(-) and B(-) → B(0), as a function of the time difference between the two B decays. Using 468 × 10(6) BB pairs produced in Υ(4S) decays collected by the BABAR detector at SLAC, we measure T-violating parameters in the time evolution of neutral B mesons, yielding ΔS(T)(+) = -1.37 ± 0.14(stat) ± 0.06(syst) and ΔS(T)(-) = 1.17 ± 0.18(stat) ± 0.11(syst). These nonzero results represent the first direct observation of T violation through the exchange of initial and final states in transitions that can only be connected by a T-symmetry transformation.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 114 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
China 3 3%
Italy 1 <1%
Brazil 1 <1%
Australia 1 <1%
Spain 1 <1%
United States 1 <1%
Unknown 106 93%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 24 21%
Researcher 24 21%
Professor > Associate Professor 13 11%
Student > Master 10 9%
Professor 9 8%
Other 15 13%
Unknown 19 17%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Physics and Astronomy 59 52%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 5 4%
Chemistry 4 4%
Medicine and Dentistry 3 3%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 2 2%
Other 15 13%
Unknown 26 23%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 160. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 16 July 2021.
All research outputs
#207,865
of 22,557,175 outputs
Outputs from Physical Review Letters
#408
of 35,536 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#1,625
of 294,862 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Physical Review Letters
#7
of 1,833 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 22,557,175 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 35,536 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 13.8. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 98% of its peers.
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We're also able to compare this research output to 1,833 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.