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Justificativa e delineamento do estudo “Tocilizumabe em pacientes com COVID-19 moderado a grave: estudo aberto, multicêntrico, randomizado, controlado” (TOCIBRAS)

Overview of attention for article published in Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva, January 2020
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Justificativa e delineamento do estudo “Tocilizumabe em pacientes com COVID-19 moderado a grave: estudo aberto, multicêntrico, randomizado, controlado” (TOCIBRAS)
Published in
Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva, January 2020
DOI 10.5935/0103-507x.20200060
Pubmed ID

Danielle Leão Cordeiro de Farias, João Prats, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Regis Goulart Rosa, Flávia Ribeiro Machado, Otávio Berwanger, Luciano César Pontes de Azevedo, Renato Delascio Lopes, Álvaro Avezum, Leticia Kawano-Dourado, Lucas Petri Damiani, Salomón Soriano Ordinola Rojas, Cleyton Zanardo de Oliveira, Luis Eduardo Coelho Andrade, Alex Freire Sandes, Maria Carolina Pintão, Claudio Galvão de Castro Júnior, Phillip Scheinberg, Viviane Cordeiro Veiga


Pro-inflammatory markers play a significant role in the disease severity of patients with COVID-19. Thus, anti-inflammatory therapies are attractive agents for potentially combating the uncontrolled inflammatory cascade in these patients. We designed a trial testing tocilizumab versus standard of care intending to improve the outcomes by inhibiting interleukin-6, an important inflammatory mediator in COVID-19. This open-label multicentre randomized controlled trial will compare clinical outcomes of tocilizumab plus standard of care versus standard of care alone in patients with moderate to severe COVID-19. Two of the following four criteria are required for protocol enrolment: D-dimer > 1,000ng/mL; C reactive protein > 5mg/dL, ferritin > 300mg/dL, and lactate dehydrogenase > upper limit of normal. The primary objective will be to compare the clinical status on day 15, as measured by a 7-point ordinal scale applied in COVID-19 trials worldwide. The primary endpoint will be assessed by an ordinal logistic regression assuming proportional odds ratios adjusted for stratification variables (age and sex). The TOCIBRAS protocol was approved by local and central (national) ethical committees in Brazil following current national and international guidelines/directives. Each participating center had the study protocol approved by their institutional review boards before initiating protocol enrolment. The data derived from this trial will be published regardless of the results. If proven active, this strategy could alleviate the consequences of the inflammatory response in COVID-19 patients and improve their clinical outcomes.

Mendeley readers

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 120 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 120 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 13 11%
Student > Bachelor 12 10%
Student > Master 10 8%
Other 7 6%
Student > Doctoral Student 5 4%
Other 15 13%
Unknown 58 48%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 30 25%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 10 8%
Nursing and Health Professions 6 5%
Social Sciences 3 3%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 3 3%
Other 7 6%
Unknown 61 51%