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Skin microbes on frogs prevent morbidity and mortality caused by a lethal skin fungus

Overview of attention for article published in ISME Journal: Multidisciplinary Journal of Microbial Ecology, March 2009
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (98th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (97th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
3 news outlets
blogs
5 blogs
policy
2 policy sources
twitter
2 tweeters
patent
2 patents
facebook
1 Facebook page
wikipedia
3 Wikipedia pages

Citations

dimensions_citation
329 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
547 Mendeley
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Title
Skin microbes on frogs prevent morbidity and mortality caused by a lethal skin fungus
Published in
ISME Journal: Multidisciplinary Journal of Microbial Ecology, March 2009
DOI 10.1038/ismej.2009.27
Pubmed ID
Authors

Reid N Harris, Robert M Brucker, Jenifer B Walke, Matthew H Becker, Christian R Schwantes, Devon C Flaherty, Brianna A Lam, Douglas C Woodhams, Cheryl J Briggs, Vance T Vredenburg, Kevin P C Minbiole

Abstract

Emerging infectious diseases threaten human and wildlife populations. Altered ecological interactions between mutualistic microbes and hosts can result in disease, but an understanding of interactions between host, microbes and disease-causing organisms may lead to management strategies to affect disease outcomes. Many amphibian species in relatively pristine habitats are experiencing dramatic population declines and extinctions due to the skin disease chytridiomycosis, which is caused by the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Using a randomized, replicated experiment, we show that adding an antifungal bacterial species, Janthinobacterium lividum, found on several species of amphibians to the skins of the frog Rana muscosa prevented morbidity and mortality caused by the pathogen. The bacterial species produces the anti-chytrid metabolite violacein, which was found in much higher concentrations on frog skins in the treatments where J. lividum was added. Our results show that cutaneous microbes are a part of amphibians' innate immune system, the microbial community structure on frog skins is a determinant of disease outcome and altering microbial interactions on frog skins can prevent a lethal disease outcome. A bioaugmentation strategy may be an effective management tool to control chytridiomycosis in amphibian survival assurance colonies and in nature.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 547 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 19 3%
Colombia 3 <1%
Germany 3 <1%
Brazil 3 <1%
Denmark 2 <1%
Mexico 2 <1%
United Kingdom 2 <1%
Costa Rica 1 <1%
Canada 1 <1%
Other 3 <1%
Unknown 508 93%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 114 21%
Student > Bachelor 103 19%
Researcher 95 17%
Student > Master 92 17%
Student > Doctoral Student 30 5%
Other 88 16%
Unknown 25 5%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 335 61%
Environmental Science 56 10%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 53 10%
Immunology and Microbiology 19 3%
Medicine and Dentistry 13 2%
Other 33 6%
Unknown 38 7%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 74. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 01 December 2019.
All research outputs
#341,414
of 17,351,915 outputs
Outputs from ISME Journal: Multidisciplinary Journal of Microbial Ecology
#100
of 2,619 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#1,908
of 138,582 outputs
Outputs of similar age from ISME Journal: Multidisciplinary Journal of Microbial Ecology
#2
of 41 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 17,351,915 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 98th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,619 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 18.6. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 96% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 138,582 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 98% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 41 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 97% of its contemporaries.