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Sexual diergism in antibody response to whole virus trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in outbred mice

Overview of attention for article published in Vaccine, October 2015
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Title
Sexual diergism in antibody response to whole virus trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in outbred mice
Published in
Vaccine, October 2015
DOI 10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.09.006
Pubmed ID
Authors

Irena Živković, Biljana Bufan, Vladimir Petrušić, Rajna Minić, Nevena Arsenović-Ranin, Raisa Petrović, Gordana Leposavić

Abstract

An outbred mouse model was used to determine if antibody response to immunization with whole-virus trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) differs between the sexes. The antibody response was examined one (serum titer of IgM antibodies), and three and six weeks post-immunization (serum titer of neutralizing and total IgG antibodies and IgG subclass profile). Compared with male in female mice was found (i) the more robust IgM response against all influenza strains included in TIV and (ii) more vigorous neutralizing antibody and total IgG responses against H1N1 influenza virus at both the examined time points post-immunization. The total IgG antibody response against H3N2 and B influenza viruses was comparable between female and male mice three weeks post-immunization, but significantly greater in female mice six weeks post-immunization. The neutralizing antibody response against H3N2 and B influenza viruses did not significantly differ between sexes at both the examined points post-immunization. Finally, three weeks post-immunization subclass profile of IgG specific to the influenza strains included in TIV differed between female and male mice, reflecting the lower titer of IgG1 antibodies in female ones, so that IgG2a (contributing mainly to the total IgG) to IgG1 ratio in mice of this sex was shifted toward the former. In agreement with this shift, compared with male mice, Th1/Th2 balance in female mice was shifted toward Th1, as shown by ELISPOT. Collectively, the results showed influenza virus strain-dependent sexual dimorphism in the magnitude, dynamics and characteristics of antibody response in outbred mice immunized with TIV.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 15 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 15 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 4 27%
Researcher 4 27%
Student > Ph. D. Student 3 20%
Student > Bachelor 3 20%
Unknown 1 7%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 4 27%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 3 20%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 20%
Immunology and Microbiology 2 13%
Nursing and Health Professions 1 7%
Other 1 7%
Unknown 1 7%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 21 July 2016.
All research outputs
#13,724,199
of 15,555,405 outputs
Outputs from Vaccine
#11,901
of 12,632 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#222,327
of 266,296 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Vaccine
#137
of 157 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 15,555,405 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 12,632 research outputs from this source. They typically receive more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 9.6. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 266,296 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 157 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.