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Result of randomized control trial to increase breast health awareness among young females in Malaysia

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Public Health, August 2016
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Title
Result of randomized control trial to increase breast health awareness among young females in Malaysia
Published in
BMC Public Health, August 2016
DOI 10.1186/s12889-016-3414-1
Pubmed ID
Authors

Mehrnoosh Akhtari-Zavare, Muhamad Hanafiah Juni, Salmiah Md Said, Irmi Zarina Ismail, Latiffah A. Latiff, Sima Ataollahi Eshkoor

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common cancer and the second principal cause of cancer deaths in women worldwide as well as in Malaysia. Breast self-examination (BSE) has a role in raising breast cancer awareness among women and educational programs play an important role in breast cancer preventive behavior. The aim of this study is to develop, implement and evaluate the effectiveness of Breast Health Awareness program based on health belief model on knowledge of breast cancer and breast-selfexamination and BSE practice among female students in Malaysia. A single-blind randomized controlled trial was carried out among 370 female undergraduate students from January 2011 to April 2012 in two selected public universities in Malaysia. Participants were randomized to either the intervention group or the control group. The educational program was delivered to the intervention group. The outcome measures were assessed at baseline, 6, and 12 months after implementing the health educational program. Chi-square, independent samples t-test and two-way repeated measures ANOVA (GLM) were conducted in the course of the data analyses. Mean scores of knowledge on breast cancer (p<0.003), knowledge on breast self examination (p<0.001), benefits of BSE (p<0.00), barrier of BSE (0.01) and confidence of BSE practice (p<0.00) in the intervention group had significant differences in comparison with those of the control group 6 and 12 months after the intervention. Also, among those who never practiced BSE at baseline, frequency of BSE practice increased 6 and 12 months after the intervention (p<0.05). The Breast Health Awareness program based on health the belief model had a positive effect on knowledge of breast cancer and breast self-examination and practice of BSE among females in Malaysia. The ANZCTR clinical trial registry ( ACTRN12616000831482 ), retrospectively registered on Jun 23, 2016 in ANZCTR.org.au.

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Mendeley readers

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 303 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 303 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 61 20%
Student > Master 42 14%
Student > Ph. D. Student 23 8%
Lecturer 19 6%
Researcher 15 5%
Other 50 17%
Unknown 93 31%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Nursing and Health Professions 72 24%
Medicine and Dentistry 61 20%
Psychology 21 7%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 9 3%
Business, Management and Accounting 6 2%
Other 35 12%
Unknown 99 33%
Attention Score in Context

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 02 April 2021.
All research outputs
#14,858,030
of 22,882,389 outputs
Outputs from BMC Public Health
#10,942
of 14,924 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#225,394
of 364,241 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Public Health
#293
of 385 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 22,882,389 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 33rd percentile – i.e., 33% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 14,924 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 13.9. This one is in the 23rd percentile – i.e., 23% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 364,241 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 35th percentile – i.e., 35% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 385 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 21st percentile – i.e., 21% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.