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Anogenital infection by Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in HIV-infected men and women in Salvador, Brazil

Overview of attention for article published in Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases, October 2016
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Title
Anogenital infection by Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in HIV-infected men and women in Salvador, Brazil
Published in
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases, October 2016
DOI 10.1016/j.bjid.2016.09.004
Pubmed ID
Authors

Ana Gabriela Travassos, Eveline Xavier-Souza, Eduardo Netto, Eda Vinhaes Dantas, Maiara Timbó, Isabella Nóbrega, Tatiana Haguihara, Júlia Neumeyer, Nathalia Lisboa, Maria Angela Soidan, Fábio Ferreira, Carlos Brites

Abstract

Infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infections throughout the world. These sexually transmitted infections are a growing problem in people living with HIV/AIDS. However, the presence of these agents in extra genital sites, remains poorly studied in our country. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae anal and genital infection in people living with HIV/AIDS followed in a reference center in Salvador, Brazil. Cross-sectional study, from June 2013 to June 2015. Proven HIV-infected people attending this reference center were invited. Clinical and epidemiological data were obtained through interview with standardized form. Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae screening was performed using qPCR (COBAS 4800(®) Roche). The frequency of positive cases of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae was 12.2% (61/498) in total, 9.2% (28/305) cases amongst women and 17.1% (33/193) amongst men. We found 14.1% (27/193) of positive cases in anus and 3.1% (6/193) in genital region in men, while 5.6% (17/305) and 3.6% (11/305), in women, respectively. Among men, anal infection was associated with age <29 years (p=0.033), report of anal intercourse (p=0.029), pain during anal intercourse (p=0.028). On the other hand, no association between genital infection and other variables were detected in bivariate analysis. Among women, we detected an association between Chlamydia trachomatis genital infection and age <29 years (p<0.001), younger age at first sexual intercourse (p=0.048), pregnancy (p<0.001), viral load >50copies/mL (p=0.020), and no antiretroviral use (p=0.008). Anal infection in women was associated with age <29 years old (p<0.001) and pregnancy (p=0.023), and was not associated with report of anal intercourse (p=0.485). Missed opportunities for diagnosis in extra genital sites could impact on HIV transmission. The extra genital sites need to be considered to break the HIV and bacterial sexually transmitted infections chain-of-transmission.

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Mendeley readers

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 64 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 64 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 10 16%
Professor 6 9%
Student > Master 5 8%
Other 5 8%
Student > Doctoral Student 5 8%
Other 11 17%
Unknown 22 34%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 18 28%
Nursing and Health Professions 7 11%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 4 6%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 3%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 2 3%
Other 3 5%
Unknown 28 44%
Attention Score in Context

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 09 November 2016.
All research outputs
#19,962,154
of 25,394,764 outputs
Outputs from Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
#502
of 810 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#236,250
of 323,139 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
#10
of 20 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 25,394,764 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 18th percentile – i.e., 18% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 810 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 3.4. This one is in the 32nd percentile – i.e., 32% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 323,139 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 22nd percentile – i.e., 22% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 20 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 50% of its contemporaries.