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Crop Pollination Exposes Honey Bees to Pesticides Which Alters Their Susceptibility to the Gut Pathogen Nosema ceranae

Overview of attention for article published in PLOS ONE, July 2013
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  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (99th percentile)

Citations

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380 Dimensions

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1122 Mendeley
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5 CiteULike
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Title
Crop Pollination Exposes Honey Bees to Pesticides Which Alters Their Susceptibility to the Gut Pathogen Nosema ceranae
Published in
PLOS ONE, July 2013
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0070182
Pubmed ID
Authors

Jeffery S. Pettis, Elinor M. Lichtenberg, Michael Andree, Jennie Stitzinger, Robyn Rose, Dennis vanEngelsdorp

Abstract

Recent declines in honey bee populations and increasing demand for insect-pollinated crops raise concerns about pollinator shortages. Pesticide exposure and pathogens may interact to have strong negative effects on managed honey bee colonies. Such findings are of great concern given the large numbers and high levels of pesticides found in honey bee colonies. Thus it is crucial to determine how field-relevant combinations and loads of pesticides affect bee health. We collected pollen from bee hives in seven major crops to determine 1) what types of pesticides bees are exposed to when rented for pollination of various crops and 2) how field-relevant pesticide blends affect bees' susceptibility to the gut parasite Nosema ceranae. Our samples represent pollen collected by foragers for use by the colony, and do not necessarily indicate foragers' roles as pollinators. In blueberry, cranberry, cucumber, pumpkin and watermelon bees collected pollen almost exclusively from weeds and wildflowers during our sampling. Thus more attention must be paid to how honey bees are exposed to pesticides outside of the field in which they are placed. We detected 35 different pesticides in the sampled pollen, and found high fungicide loads. The insecticides esfenvalerate and phosmet were at a concentration higher than their median lethal dose in at least one pollen sample. While fungicides are typically seen as fairly safe for honey bees, we found an increased probability of Nosema infection in bees that consumed pollen with a higher fungicide load. Our results highlight a need for research on sub-lethal effects of fungicides and other chemicals that bees placed in an agricultural setting are exposed to.

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X Demographics

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Mendeley readers

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 1,122 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 11 <1%
United Kingdom 9 <1%
Canada 5 <1%
Germany 4 <1%
Mexico 4 <1%
France 3 <1%
Colombia 3 <1%
Brazil 3 <1%
Italy 2 <1%
Other 25 2%
Unknown 1053 94%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 194 17%
Student > Master 173 15%
Student > Bachelor 170 15%
Researcher 160 14%
Student > Doctoral Student 59 5%
Other 216 19%
Unknown 150 13%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 483 43%
Environmental Science 134 12%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 60 5%
Medicine and Dentistry 48 4%
Engineering 29 3%
Other 180 16%
Unknown 188 17%
Attention Score in Context

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1027. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 07 April 2023.
All research outputs
#16,247
of 26,214,973 outputs
Outputs from PLOS ONE
#244
of 228,201 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#63
of 211,107 outputs
Outputs of similar age from PLOS ONE
#4
of 4,841 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 26,214,973 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 228,201 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 15.9. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 211,107 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 4,841 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.