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Primary cryotherapy for localised or locally advanced prostate cancer

Overview of attention for article published in Cochrane database of systematic reviews, May 2018
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  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (55th percentile)

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4 tweeters

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4 Dimensions

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Title
Primary cryotherapy for localised or locally advanced prostate cancer
Published in
Cochrane database of systematic reviews, May 2018
DOI 10.1002/14651858.cd005010.pub3
Pubmed ID
Authors

Jae Hung Jung, Michael C Risk, Robert Goldfarb, Balaji Reddy, Bernadette Coles, Philipp Dahm

Abstract

Traditionally, radical prostatectomy and radiotherapy with or without androgen deprivation therapy have been the main treatment options to attempt to cure men with localised or locally advanced prostate cancer. Cryotherapy is an alternative option for treatment of prostate cancer that involves freezing of the whole prostate (whole gland therapy) or only the cancer (focal therapy), but it is unclear how effective this is in comparison to other treatments. To assess the effects of cryotherapy (whole gland or focal) compared with other interventions for primary treatment of clinically localised (cT1-T2) or locally-advanced (cT3) non-metastatic prostate cancer. We updated a previously published Cochrane Review by performing a comprehensive search of multiple databases (CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE), clinical trial registries (ClinicalTrials.gov, World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform) and a grey literature repository (Grey Literature Report) up to 6 March 2018. We also searched the reference lists of other relevant publications and conference proceedings. We applied no language restrictions. We included randomised or quasi-randomised trials comparing cryotherapy to other interventions for the primary treatment of prostate cancer. Two independent reviewers screened the literature, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias. We performed statistical analyses using a random-effects model and interpreted them according to the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. We rated the quality of evidence (QoE) according to the GRADE approach. We included only one comparison of whole gland cryotherapy versus external beam radiotherapy, which was informed by two trials with a total of 307 randomised participants. The median age of the included studies was around 70 years. The median follow-up of included studies ranged from 100 to 105 months.Primary outcomes: we are uncertain about the effect of whole gland cryotherapy compared to radiation therapy on time to death from prostate cancer; hazard ratio (HR) of 1.00 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.11 to 9.45; 2 trials, 293 participants; very low QoE); this would correspond to zero fewer death from prostate cancer per 1000 men (95% CI 85 fewer to 520 more). We are equally uncertain about the effect of quality of life-related urinary function and bowel function (QoL) at 36 months using the UCLA-Prostate Cancer Index score for which higher values (range: 0 to 100) reflect better quality of life using minimal clinically important differences (MCID) of 8 and 7 points, respectively; mean difference (MD) of 4.4 (95% CI -6.5 to 15.3) and 4.0 (95% CI -73.96 to 81.96), respectively (1 trial, 195 participants; very low QoE). We are also uncertain about sexual function-related QoL using a MCID of 8 points; MD of -20.7 (95% CI -36.29 to -5.11; 1 trial, 195 participants; very low QoE). Lastly, we are uncertain of the risk for major adverse events; risk ratio (RR): 0.91 (95% CI 0.47 to 1.78; 2 trials, 293 participants; very low QoE); this corresponds to 10 fewer major adverse events per 1000 men (95% CI 58 fewer to 86 more). we are very uncertain about the effects of cryotherapy on time to death from any cause (HR 0.99, 95% CI 0.05 to 18.79; 2 trials, 293 participants; very low QoE), and time to biochemical failure (HR 2.15, 95% CI 0.07 to 62.12; 2 trials, 293 participants; very low QoE). Rates of secondary interventions for treatment failure and minor adverse events were either not reported in the trials, or the data could not be used for analyses.We found no trials that compared whole gland cryotherapy or focal cryotherapy to other treatment forms such as radical surgery, active surveillance, watchful waiting or other forms of radiotherapy. Based on very low quality evidence, primary whole gland cryotherapy has uncertain effects on oncologic outcomes, QoL, and major adverse events compared to external beam radiotherapy. Reasons for downgrading the QoE included serious study limitations, indirectness due to the use of lower doses of radiation in the comparison group than currently recommended, and serious or very serious imprecision.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 4 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 53 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 53 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Unspecified 14 26%
Student > Master 8 15%
Student > Bachelor 8 15%
Other 5 9%
Student > Ph. D. Student 5 9%
Other 13 25%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 21 40%
Unspecified 18 34%
Economics, Econometrics and Finance 3 6%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 2 4%
Computer Science 2 4%
Other 7 13%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 3. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 07 June 2018.
All research outputs
#6,915,977
of 13,044,924 outputs
Outputs from Cochrane database of systematic reviews
#7,849
of 10,445 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#118,528
of 270,704 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Cochrane database of systematic reviews
#149
of 174 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,044,924 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 46th percentile – i.e., 46% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 10,445 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 20.4. This one is in the 24th percentile – i.e., 24% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 270,704 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 55% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 174 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 13th percentile – i.e., 13% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.