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Think Crisis–Think Female: The Glass Cliff and Contextual Variation in the Think Manager–Think Male Stereotype

Overview of attention for article published in Journal of Applied Psychology, January 2011
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (95th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
12 news outlets
blogs
3 blogs
twitter
3 X users
peer_reviews
1 peer review site
wikipedia
7 Wikipedia pages

Citations

dimensions_citation
310 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
613 Mendeley
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Title
Think Crisis–Think Female: The Glass Cliff and Contextual Variation in the Think Manager–Think Male Stereotype
Published in
Journal of Applied Psychology, January 2011
DOI 10.1037/a0022133
Pubmed ID
Authors

Michelle K. Ryan, S. Alexander Haslam, Mette D. Hersby, Renata Bongiorno

Abstract

The "think manager-think male" (TMTM) association underlies many gender inequalities in the workplace. However, research into the "glass cliff" has demonstrated that the suitability of male and female managers varies as a function of company performance such that in times of poor performance people may "think female" (Ryan & Haslam, 2005, 2007). Three studies examined gender and managerial stereotypes in the context of companies that are doing well or doing badly. Study 1 reproduced TMTM associations for descriptions of managers of successful companies but demonstrated a reversal for managers of unsuccessful companies. Study 2 examined the prescriptive nature of these stereotypes. No TMTM relationship was found for ideal managers of successful companies, but ideal managers of unsuccessful companies were associated with the female stereotype. Study 3 suggested that women may be favored in times of poor performance, not because they are expected to improve the situation, but because they are seen to be good people managers and can take the blame for organizational failure. Together, the studies illustrate the importance of context as a moderator of the TMTM association. Practical and theoretical implications for gender discrimination in the workplace are discussed.

X Demographics

X Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 3 X users who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.
Mendeley readers

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 613 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Germany 4 <1%
United States 4 <1%
France 3 <1%
United Kingdom 2 <1%
Sweden 1 <1%
Malaysia 1 <1%
Poland 1 <1%
Unknown 597 97%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 120 20%
Student > Ph. D. Student 116 19%
Student > Bachelor 69 11%
Student > Doctoral Student 58 9%
Researcher 32 5%
Other 88 14%
Unknown 130 21%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 195 32%
Business, Management and Accounting 162 26%
Social Sciences 56 9%
Economics, Econometrics and Finance 19 3%
Arts and Humanities 14 2%
Other 28 5%
Unknown 139 23%
Attention Score in Context

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 131. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 26 April 2024.
All research outputs
#318,043
of 25,459,177 outputs
Outputs from Journal of Applied Psychology
#115
of 3,368 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#1,257
of 190,916 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Journal of Applied Psychology
#4
of 65 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 25,459,177 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 98th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 3,368 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 20.1. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 96% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 190,916 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 65 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 95% of its contemporaries.