Possible Role of TRP Channels in Rat Glomus Cells.
Arterial Chemoreceptors in Physiology and Pathophysiology
Advances in experimental medicine and biology, January 2015
Kim, Insook, Fite, Lasha, Donnelly, David F, Kim, Jung H, Carroll, John L, Insook Kim, Lasha Fite, David F. Donnelly, Jung H. Kim, John L. Carroll
Carotid body (CB) glomus cells depolarize in response to hypoxia, causing a [Ca(2+)]i increase, at least in part, through activation of voltage-dependent channels. Recently, Turner et al. (2013) showed that mouse glomus cells with knockout of TASK1/3(-/-) channels have near-normal [Ca(2+)]i response to hypoxia. Thus, we postulated that TRP channels may provide an alternate calcium influx pathway which may be blocked by the TRP channel antagonist, 2-APB (2-aminoethoxydiphenylborane). We confirmed that 2-APB inhibited the afferent nerve response to hypoxia, as previously reported (Lahiri S, Patel G, Baby S, Roy A (2009) 2-APB mediated effects on hypoxic calcium influx in rat carotid body glomus cells. FASEB 2009, Abstract, LB157; Kumar P, Pearson S, Gu Y (2006) A role for TRP channels in carotid body chemotransduction? FASEB J 20:A12-29). To examine the mechanism for this inhibition, we examined dissociated rat CB glomus cells for [Ca(2+)]i responses to hypoxia, anoxia (with sodium dithionite), 20 mM K(+), NaSH, NaCN, and FCCP in absence/presence of 2-APB (100 μM). Also the effect of 2-APB on hypoxia and/or anoxia were investigated on NADH and mitochondria (MT) membrane potential. Our findings are as follows: (1) 2-APB significantly blocked the [Ca(2+)]i increase in response to hypoxia and anoxia, but not the responses to 20 mM K(+). (2) The [Ca(2+)]i responses NaSH, NaCN, and FCCP were significantly blocked by 2-APB. (3) Hypoxia-induced increases in NADH/NAD(+) and MT membrane depolarization were not effected by 2-APB. Thus TRP channels may provide an important pathway for calcium influx in glomus cells in response to hypoxia.
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