Heme Oxygenase-1 Influences Apoptosis via CO-mediated Inhibition of K(+) Channels.
Arterial Chemoreceptors in Physiology and Pathophysiology
Advances in experimental medicine and biology, January 2015
Al-Owais, Moza M, Dallas, Mark L, Boyle, John P, Scragg, Jason L, Peers, Chris, Moza M. Al-Owais, Mark L. Dallas, John P. Boyle, Jason L. Scragg, Chris Peers
Hypoxic/ischemic episodes can trigger oxidative stress-mediated loss of central neurons via apoptosis, and low pO2 is also a feature of the tumor microenvironment, where cancer cells are particularly resistant to apoptosis. In the CNS, ischemic insult increases expression of the CO-generating enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which is commonly constitutively active in cancer cells. It has been proposed that apoptosis can be regulated by the trafficking and activity of K(+) channels, particularly Kv2.1. We have explored the idea that HO-1 may influence apoptosis via regulation of Kv2.1. Overexpression of Kv2.1 in HEK293 cells increased their vulnerability to oxidant-induced apoptosis. CO (applied as the donor CORM-2) protected cells against apoptosis and inhibited Kv2.1 channels. Similarly in hippocampal neurones, CO selectively inhibited Kv2.1 and protected neurones against oxidant-induced apoptosis. In medulloblastoma sections we identified constitutive expression of HO-1 and Kv2.1, and in the medulloblastoma-derived cell line DAOY, hypoxic HO-1 induction or exposure to CO protected cells against apoptosis, and also selectively inhibited Kv2.1 channels expressed in these cells. These studies are consistent with a central role for Kv2.1 in apoptosis in both central neurones and cancer cells. They also suggest that HO-1 expression can strongly influence apoptosis via CO-mediated regulation of Kv2.1 activity.
|Members of the public||1||100%|
|Readers by professional status||Count||As %|
|Student > Postgraduate||2||29%|
|Student > Doctoral Student||1||14%|
|Readers by discipline||Count||As %|
|Medicine and Dentistry||4||57%|
|Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science||1||14%|