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Cognitive Enhancement

Overview of attention for book
Attention for Chapter 14: Non-pharmacological Approaches to Cognitive Enhancement
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41 Mendeley
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Chapter title
Non-pharmacological Approaches to Cognitive Enhancement
Chapter number 14
Book title
Cognitive Enhancement
Published in
Handbook of experimental pharmacology, January 2015
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-16522-6_14
Pubmed ID
Book ISBNs
978-3-31-916521-9, 978-3-31-916522-6

Áine M. Kelly


Pharmaceuticals and medical devices hold the promise of enhancing brain function, not only of those suffering from neurodevelopmental, neuropsychiatric or neurodegenerative illnesses, but also of healthy individuals. However, a number of lifestyle interventions are proven cognitive enhancers, improving attention, problem solving, reasoning, learning and memory or even mood. Several of these interventions, such as physical exercise, cognitive, mental and social stimulation, may be described as environmental enrichments of varying types. Use of these non-pharmacological cognitive enhancers circumvents some of the ethical considerations associated with pharmaceutical or technological cognitive enhancement, being low in cost, available to the general population and presenting low risk to health and well-being. In this chapter, there will be particular focus on the effects of exercise and enrichment on learning and memory and the evidence supporting their efficacy in humans and in animal models will be described.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 41 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United Kingdom 1 2%
Italy 1 2%
Unknown 39 95%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 7 17%
Student > Bachelor 6 15%
Researcher 5 12%
Student > Master 5 12%
Student > Doctoral Student 3 7%
Other 10 24%
Unknown 5 12%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 12 29%
Neuroscience 7 17%
Medicine and Dentistry 7 17%
Sports and Recreations 3 7%
Nursing and Health Professions 2 5%
Other 4 10%
Unknown 6 15%